Ontario (Toronto bypass): between Kingston and Montreal along Ontario #401 & Quebec #20



Gananoque's Thousand Islands Bridge across the St Lawrence

Why travel between Kingston and Montreal?

This route follows the mighty Saint Lawrence River which takes all the water from all the Great Lakes from Lake Ontario down to sea level at Montreal. You pass the Thousand Islands at the mouth of Lake Ontario, and just to the south along Highway 2 are many colonial era towns. At Morrisburg, you pass the Upper Canada Village which represents Canada in 1867, when it ceased to be colony and became a country. You will also pass a number of major dams on the St Lawrence, providing both navigable waters for ocean-going ships and Seaway freighters, but also generate power to the communities along or near the river. After crossing the Ontario-Quebec border, you cross the Ottawa River onto the Island of Montreal, which has several municipalities, including the City of Montreal.

Here is the itinerary for the 248 km from Kingston to Montreal along Ontario Highway 401, and Quebec Autoroute 20, known as the Macdonald-Cartier Freeway, to continue into Montreal on #40, the Trans-Canada Highway

Marine Museum at Kingston The 206 kilometre long Rideau Canal connected Kingston and Ottawa, using the Cataraqui River from Kingston, and the Rideau River from Ottawa. Following the War of 1812-1814, England realized that it needed a protected route between Montreal in Lower Canada and York (Toronto) in Upper Canada. The canal used 47 locks and 24 dams to climb 49 metres (160 feet) above Lake Ontario, and then fall 84 metres (275 ft) back down to the Ottawa River. Today, the waterway is used primarily by recreational boaters, and passes through many quaint towns and villages, with plenty of shopping, dining and accommodation along the way.

The Thousand Islands, which actually number 1865 of them, lie in the St Lawrence for the 50 miles from the point where it drains Lake Ontario. The islands range in size from a rock sticking out of water up to Wolfe Island which is 27 miles long and 9 miles wide. They form a connection between the Canadian Shield and New York's Adirondack Mountains just south of the border. In 1904 Canada designated some of the islands as part of the St. Lawrence Islands National Park. Visitors can take tours of the islands, which are popular with sailors and boaters from Canada and the US.


Thousand Islands Bridge, at Gananoque In the 1950s, the US and Canadian governments created the St Lawrence Seaway, extends 3790 km inland from the Atlantic to the west end of Lake Superior. Dams created stable water levels and harnessed the St Lawrence's hydroelectric potential while fifteen locks were built to handle ocean-going freighters.

The river was key to early exploration of North America's interior, but it was a rugged waterway, punctuated with series of rapids, and at Niagara an insurmountable waterfall. Starting in 1829, small canals and locks were built for boats to bypass the rapids and the Niagara Falls, but they were massively expanded in the 1950s to handle international shipping. The largest locks and dams in this section of the Seaway are at Cornwall and at Lachine (Montreal).

Trans-Canada Highway History

Trans-Canada Highway Itinerary Map

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Next West: Toronto to Kingston Next East: Ottawa to Montreal
Montreal to Quebec City


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Distance Scale:
km  \ miles


Elevation Scale:
metres  feet


Detailed Itinerary

KM 

Highway Point & Features

Elev.
(metres)

Exit 3, Route 340 Exit 3, Route 340. W to St-Clet. E to Vaudreuil-Dorion (Vaudreuil)  26.8 
0.9  Exit #2 Route Harwood (route 342) 36.9 
3.5  Exit #29, Autoroute 540, access to Highway #40 northbound, access to Autoroute #40, access to Trans-Canada East to Montreal, and highway 417 NW to Ottawa, Ontario 46 
5.3  overpass: Chemin St-Gregoire (no access) 46 
6.9  Exit #26 Chemin St-Fereol, S to Les Cedres (Les Cedres)  46 
10.7  Exit #22 Chemin St-Dominique (Les Cedres)  44.2 
13.5  Exit #19 Chemin St-Emmanuel 46.9 
15.8  Exit 17, Route #201Chemin de la Riveire-Rouge O (N) / Rue Principale (S). N to St Clet (6 km). S to camping, accommodation, Rapid de Coteau du Lac (rapids on St Lawrence) (Coteau Du Lac)  43.9 
16.6  Riviere Deslisle river crossing 43.9 
17.7  railway underpass 46 
18.4  Exit #14 Highway 201, gravel pit to SE of junction, Pont Mgr Langois bridge S to Valleyfield (10 km) (Valleyfield)  46 
20.8  Exit #12 Montee du Comte (S) Rue Sauve (N), S to gas, campting and accommodation (Coteau-du-Lac)  45.4 
23.2  Exit #9 Chemin Ste-Catherine (S) / 34E Avenue (N), S to St Zotique, accommodation & camping (Saint-Zotique)  49.1 
26.9  Exit #6, 69E Avenue / Chemin St-Thomas, S to Saint-Zotique (Saint-Zotique)  46.9 
29.5  Exit 2, Route #325 (Rue Principale). N to Riviere Beaudette (1 km), S to gas (Riviere Beaudette)  50.9 
29.8  Overpass Chemin Ste-Claire (no access) 52.7 
31.4  Service station & restaurant, eastbound 47.9 
31.9  Quebec-Ontario border & overpass: 5rd Line Rd / Forced Rd (no access) 46 
33.5  Service station & restaurant, westbound 44.8 
33.5  Service station & restaurant, westbound 44.8 
35.4  Exit 825 Rte 23 (4th Line Rd). North to Dalhousie Mills, S access to camping (8 km) 47.9 
35.8  crossing Sutherland Creek 45.1 
38.5  overpass: 3rd Line Rd (no access) 46.9 
41.6  overpass Highway 26, 2nd Line Rd (no acces) 46 
43.2  Visitor Information 46 
46.6  Exit 814 Hwy 34. North to OPP, Alexandria and 417. South to Lancaster, South Lancaster, golfing, SE to camping (3 km) 57 
47.3  Crossing Raisin River 43.9 
51.2  overpass Fraser Rd (no access) 56.4 
55.6  Exit 804 Rte 44. Summerstone Rd, S to Summerstown, Cornwall Regional Airport, N to Summerstown Station, (Cornwall)  57 
61.7  Railway crossing (Cornwall)  58.2 
64.2  Exit 796 Boundary Rd. South to very east access to Cornwall (Cornwall)  60 
66.9  Overpass Pitt Rd (no access) (Cornwall)  60 
68.2  Exit 792 McConnell Ave. North to Route 42. South to east access to Cornwall, services, gas, hospitals (Cornwall)  60 
70.8  Exit 789 Route 138 / Brookdale Ave. North to St Andrews. S to Cornwall downtown, services, accommodation, & Seaway International Bridge to USA, Massena NY (Cornwall)  60.4 
72.1  overpass Cornwall Centre Rd (no access) (Cornwall)  60 
73.9  Exit 786 Power Dam Dr. S to community of Long Sault, Long Sault Pkwy, and west access to city of Cornwall (Cornwall)  66.1 
75.7  overpass Post Rd / Hwy 36 (no access) 79.9 
79.5  overpass Avonmore Rd / Hwy 15 (no access) 82.3 
82.2  Exit 778, Rte 35 / Moulinetter Rd (Long Sault)  82 
85.2  overpass Highway 12 (Wales Rd) (no access) 78 
90.5  Exit 770 Rte 14. North to Osnabruck Centre. South to Ingleside (2 km), acccess to Long Sault Parkway, N access to Hwy 2 78.9 
94.8  overpass Autsville Rd (no access) 78.3 
97.5  EB Esso gas, services, food on hwy 65.5 
98.9  overpass Nudell Bush Rd(W). Anderson Rd (E) (no access) 65.8 
100.7  Exit 758 Rte 22 / Upper Canada Rd. S to community of Cardinal, Upper Canada Village, campgrounds (Cardinal)  66.1 
104  EB Shell gas, services, restaurant and picnic 65.2 
105.1  overpass Highway 8 (Church Rd) (no access) S to Riverside/Cedar campground 64.9 
109.7  Exit 750 Hwy 31. North to Glen Becker, Winchester (with OPP) and Ottawa. S to Morrisburg (1 km), Mariatown (with OPP) (Morrisburg)  64 
119.9  overpass Boylston Rd (no access) 68.6 
122.2  Exit 738 Rte 1 (Carmen Rd) (Morrisburg)  81.7 
130  Exit 730, WB access to Hwy 16, N to Spencerville (11 km), Kemptville (34 km), Ottawa (74 km) via 416, both ways access S to Johnstown International ridge to USA, Ogdensburg (5 km) & New York State (Morrisburg)  89 
138.7  EB Exit 721 Hwy 16, N to Spencerville, Ottawa via 416. (Morrisburg)  89.9 
143.8  Exit 716 Rte 18 (Edward St, N to Domville. S to Prescott, OPP, ort Wellington Historical Site (Prescott)  93.3 
145.6  underpass Merwin Lane (no access) 93.9 
148.9  underpass Route 31, Blue Church Rd (no access) 111.6 
155.2  Exit 705 Rte 15 (Church St). N to Algonquin, Merrickville (36 km). S to community of Maitland on St Lawrence 106.1 
159.4  overpass Sharpe's Lane (S) / Kelly Rd (N) (no access) 99.4 
161.9  Exit 698 Hwy 6 (N August Rd) overpass, S to shopping,s ervices, accommodation, Hospital, downtown Brockville. North to OPP. 94.8 
162.8  railway underpass 97.8 
163.7  Exit 696 Hwy 29. N to Brockville Municipal Airport (6 km), Athens (22 km), Smiths Falls (50 km). South to Brockville, all services 103.9 
166.9  underpass Hwy 46 / Lyn Rd (no access) 95.1 
167.2  railway underpass 96.3 
170.5  underpass Hallecks Rd (no access) 90.5 
173.5  Exit 687 Hwy 2. SE to Brockville (10 km), along St Lawrence (Brockville)  87.2 
175  Exit 685 Eastern access to 1000 Islands Parkway along the St Lawrence, westbound 91.1 
176.6  underpass Sherwood Springs Rd (no access) 91.1 
180.6  Esso Service station & restaurant, picnic area, eastbound 90.5 
182.6  Esso Service station & restaurant, picnic area westbound 97.5 
184.7  Emergency U-Turn 104.9 
185.2  Exit 675 Hwy 5 / Mallorytown Rd. overpass, N to Malorytown & Athens. S to St Lawrence Islands National park, camping, Mallorytown Landing, N to KOA Thousand Islands 104.2 
186.9  Emergency U-Turn 91.1 
188.9  underpass Larue Mills Rd (no access), S to Rockport 90.5 
195.4  underpass Escott-Rockport Rd (no access) 90.5 
199.2  Exit 661 Rte 137. S to Ivy Lea Bridge to USA, 100 Islands Parkway 91.1 
200.9  Exit 659 Hwy 3. North to Lansdowne (3 km), Outlet, Charleston Lake PP (15 km). South to To 1000 Islands Parkway, Route 137 & Ivy Lea Bridge to USA I-81 south 93.3 
208.8  underpass Cliffe Rd (no access) (Gananoque)  87.2 
212.1  Exit 648 Route 2. North to Gananoque, accommodation, services, 1000 Islands Boat Tours. WB Access to 1000 Islands Parkway (Gananoque)  86.9 
213.5  EB Exit 647 Western end of 1000 Islands Parkway (Gananoque)  91.1 
214.9  Exit 645 Hwy 32 (Stone St N), N to Hwy35, S to Gananoque, services, accommodation, museum, and Thousand Island Cruises (Gananoque)  90.8 
216.5  Crossing Cataraqui River (Gananoque)  77.7 
220.6  underpass Deer Ridge Rd (no access) N to 4th Concession Rd, S to Highway2 90.5 
228.2  Exit 632 Hwy 16 (Joyceville Rd) N to Hwy 15,S to English Landing PP (5 km), ferry to Howe Island (Kingston)  111.3 
235.4  underpass John F Scott Rd (no access) (Kingston)  94.5 
237  Exit 623 Hwy 15. North to Kingston Mills (1 km), marina, S to accommodation, CFB Kingston (5 km), Old Fort Henry National Historic Site (8 km) (Kingston)  103.3 
238.5  Crossing Cataraqui River, Rideau Canal, vie N to Colonel By Lake (Kingston)  75 
240.3  Crossing Rail (Kingston)  85.6 
240.7  Exit 619 Montreal St.N to Mount Chesney, Glenburnie. South to Kingston, services, and 10`00 Island Cruises (Kingston)  97.8 
242.9  Exit 617 Division Street (S) & Perth Road / Frontenac Road 10 (N), N to towns of Westport (50 km) and Perth (80 km). S to Downtown Kingston (4 km), shopping, gas, accommodation, and hospital. (Kingston)  102.4 

KM 

Highway Point & Features

Elev.
(metres)

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