Fredericton, New Brunswick on TransCanadaHighway.com



Fredericton's lighthouse onthe St John River Fredericton is the capital city of New Brunswick, with a population of 81,000, and lies on the St. John River, and the Trans-Canada Highway, only 100 km from the US border. The city is a a two hour flight from Toronto, and 75 minutes from Montreal.

The major industries in Fredericton reflects the community's role as the seat of government, though not the province's largest city. The top industries include government services, education, health & social services, retail trade, and accommodation & hospitality.

Whether it's a visit to a park, an art gallery or the area's history, Fredericton offers its visitors and residents lots to do every day of the week.

Whether it's a visit to a park, an art gallery or the area's history, Fredericton offers its visitors and residents lots to do every day of the week.

Fredericton History

Carleton Park, across the Trail Bridge from downtown The St. John River, with its wide, deep waters, was a key transportation route for Maliseet and Mi'kmaq (Micmac) Indians who hunted, fished, grew corn and squash along its length. The British made various Maritime peace and friendship treaties (between 1725 and 1776) with the Mi'kmaq and Maliseet people which allowed them to hunt and fish, trade with the British, and did not involve the cession of any land. Today, the First Nations reserves for the Maliseet are along the Saint John River, and the reserves for the Mi'kmaq are along the Gulf of St Lawrence coastline.

As the French and English fought over control of the New World, the French eventually gained control of Nova Scotia, which then included the St. John River Valley. Between 1672 and 1700 the French King assigned land grants in what is now the Fredericton area but were abandoned until 1732 when a group of French Acadians, fleeing the British forces who had taken possession of Nova Scotia following the Treaty of Utrecht,and creating the community of Ste. Anne's Point, which was the Capital of Acadia from 1692 to 1698.

In 1758, when British Forces captured Louisburg, the British swept through the St. John River Valley, burning homes and expelling Acadians (to French Louisiana, and the area was gradually resettled by English families over the next few years. Following the American Revolution, in 1783 British Loyalist fled the United States and 34,000 settled in Nova Scotia and 14,000 in New Brunswick, with 2,000 Loyalists around Ste. Anne's Point. In 1785, renamed the settlement "Frederickstown", in honour of Prince Frederick, second son of King George III, and shortly thereafter Governor Carleton choose Fredericton as provincial capital. The city's high school (the oldest in Canada) and the University (tied with University of Georgia as the oldest in North America) were founded that year.

Fredericton's charm and histroy is represented by its City Hall Fredericton has enjoyed an annual fall fair since 1825. In 1845, Queen Victoria, the head of the Church of England, designated Fredericton a Cathedral City and built the first entirely new Cathedral foundation to be established on British soil since the Norman Conquest of 1066. In 1847, a permanent Maliseet Indian settlement was established on the north side of the St. John River, and in 1848, Fredericton was incorporated as a city.

Following the Quebec Conference and the Charlottetown Conference, New Brunswick was one of the four founding provinces of Canadian Confederation in 1867. After 1850, Fredericton flourished as an industrial town. Sawmills, shipyards, tanneries, boot and shoe factories, carriage shops, iron foundries, brickyards, and factories turned out a variety of products. Railroad connections were established between Fredericton and several other cities.

In 1969, New Brunswick became the first officially bilingual province, and became the only one enshrined as such in the 1982 repatriated Canadian constitution. In 1973, the 125th anniversary of the city's incorporation, Fredericton amalgamated a number of surrounding communities, doubling its area and population.

Highway Notes

The provincial government recently re-aligned Highway 2 shaving an hour off the travel time between Moncton and Fredericton, and completing the twinning of the Trans-Canada in New Brunswick.

Cyclists should stay off the #2 and take the older routes along the banks of the Saint John River, the #105 or the #102, which have wind through charming countryside, have few hills, and pass by a number of beautiful and historic overed bridges. The #102 norht of Fredericont Takes you past Kings Landing heritage park and the Mactaquac dam, and you cross the Saint John River in Fredericton and continue along on the #105 past Grand Lake and then switch to the #112 which continues east to Moncton.

Fredericton Neighbourhoods Map

Fredericton Attractions Map

Blue = Main Trans-Canada route, red = downtown access route, | Green = bicycle-friendly route

Fredericton Accommodation & Attractions

Here are a featured SAMPLING of hotels, motels, long-term accommodation, vacation rentals, lodges and campgrounds. For a complete (and searchable listing) use the red SEARCH feature at right.

Accommodations Directory Listings

Here are some of the hotels, motels, campgrounds, and lodges/cottages to be found along the Trans Canada Highway:

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Fredericton AccommodationsCovered Bridge RV Park & Cabins

Stay our our wonderful campground, and enjoy the great outdoors… see our website for details

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Fredericton AccommodationsRapid Brook Camp Ground

Stay our our wonderful campground, and enjoy the great outdoors… see our website for details

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Fredericton AccommodationsShin Pond Village

Stay our our wonderful campground, and enjoy the great outdoors… see our website for details

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Fredericton AccommodationsGagetown Camping

Stay our our wonderful campground, and enjoy the great outdoors.

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Fredericton Accommodationsblue Mountain Bend Campground

10 acre riverside camping on the beautiful Tobique River - fully serviced sites available(seasonal) - River & non-river side lots available - Laundry and shower facilities - Canoe and kayak rentals with shuttle service available

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More Nights... More places to stay in Fredericton

TransCanadaHighway.com has lots of hotels,mnotels, beds & breakfast, long-term accommoodtion, and comprgrounds to choose form in and around Fredericton.

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Attractions Directory Listings

Here are some of the attractions, museums, historical sites, and sports activities to be found along the Trans Canada Highway:

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Fredericton Travel & AttractionsMegiddo Paintball

2 woods fields, both featuring natural and man-made bunker with new games and scenarios to play. Our Airball field is one of very few in Atlantic Canada, and is ready to rock. Check out our news page for all the latest happenings at Megiddo!

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Fredericton Travel & AttractionsMactaquac Provincial Park Golf Course

This 18-hole championship golf course, carved out of mature forest, offers a unique series of challenges for golfers of all skill levels. The 7,030-yard layout features meticulously groomed fairways that lead the golfer into generous-sized

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Fredericton Travel & AttractionsHappy Knights Wine

Our wines are crafted with only the best fruit from Atlantic Canada using traditional techniques and a dedication to exceptional quality. With every glass of Happy Knight wine, you can taste the fruit of our success.

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Fredericton Travel & AttractionsEdmundston Golf Club

Situated in the legendary Republic of Madawaska, the Fraser Edmundston Golf Club is an unforgettable golf experience. Designed by Albert Murray, the club is host to the 2002 Canadian Amateur Championship. Of special note are the Par-5 and P

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Fredericton Travel & AttractionsGage Golf and Curling Association

Private. Memberships: men, ladies, juniors, public green fees. Walking the course is easy, or choose a power cart from our large fleet. Water comes into play on 5 holes, sand traps and doglegs add a challenge on many holes. Course features

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More Attractions... Things to see & do in Fredericton

TransCanadaHighway.com has lots of attractions, festivals, tours, and things to see & do in and around Fredericton.

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