Pikogan is an Algonquin community, founded in 1954 and established 3 km north of Amos, in Abitibi-Témiscamingue. The real name of the members of the community of Pikogan is Abitibi8innik, in reference to Lake Abitibi. This place is of major importance to the members of this nation as they have frequented it for nearly 200 years.
The territory of the community, which was originally made up of 72 hectares, now covers more than 277 hectares. This area allows Pikogan to accommodate nearly 600 members inside the community, and about 300 members live outside. The main language spoken is French followed by English and Algonquin. This traditional language is still spoken by elders and some members of the community.
The Abitibiwinnik, real name for the Algonquins of Pikogan, are one of the nine Algonquin communities of Quebec. Archaeological research has uncovered evidence of human occupation at Apitipik, a name for the tip of Lake Abitibi where the Abitibiwinnik met, dating back nearly 6,000 years.