The Long Plain First Nation is an Ojibway First Nations band government whose reserve is located in the Central Plains region of Manitoba, Canada. It is located to the southwest of Portage la Prairie along the Assiniboine River.
Strictly speaking, prior to 1876, the First Nation today known as “Long Plain” was not located at “the Long Plain”, but in their lives prior to the Treaty did not have fixed communities. These people were part of a rich history of the Ojibway Nation in Manitoba.
When LaVerendrye come up the Assiniboine River in 1738 to today’s Portage la Prairie, he found a village of “Western Dakotas” or Assiniboine near today’s water plant. He immediately held a council, gave presents to the people, and in the name of France, La Vérendrye entered into a Treaty relationship with them. There he built Fort de la Reine on the south or right bank of Assiniboine, to intercept Assiniboine trappers prior to trading at British posts on the Hudson’s Bay.
After British earned supremacy in North America, an 1817 agreement was made between various Indigenous leaders of both “Chippeway” (Anishinabe or Ojibway) and Cree Nations and Lord Selkirk, a prominent figure of the Hudson’s Bay Company, later to be known as “the Selkirk Treaty”.
The lands of the First Nation include the Long Plain Reserve #6, the Keeshkeemaquah Reserve near Portage La Prairie, and the Madison Indian Reserve #1 on the west side of Winnipeg. Long Plain First Nation Annual Pow-wow began in 1876 and is one of Manitoba’s longest running pow-wow celebrations. The 2006 census reported a population of over 4500 residents.