Matachewan First Nation is a northern community whose lands and resources supported the traditional and subsistence livelihoods of many of its families. Matachewan’s traditional and treaty covers the historic mining camps of Kirkland Lake and Timmins. Over the last 100 years, Matachewan had been at the margins of resource extraction taken place within its territory. Recent engagement with mining industry has brought an increase in post-secondary education achievements, as well as the creation of diverse businesses.
According to the initial Treaty #9 document which was created in 1905 and 1906, the Treaty Commissioners arrived in Matachewan FN on June 19, 1906 after travelling from signing the treaty with the Abitibi First Nation people. They proceeded from Haileybury to Latchford using the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway, then north for four days by water craft on the Montreal River to Matachewan FN. A crew from Temagami and several Native people from Matachewan Post including Michel Batise assisted the Treaty Commissioners on their river travel.