Saulteaux First Nation is located 43 kilometres north of North Battleford near Cochin and Jackfish Lake in Northern Saskatchewan. Land holdings are over 14386.73 acres. Saulteaux is associated with BATC, Treaty #6 Territory.
The word ‘Saulteaux’ is a French translation for ‘people of the rapids’ which originates from their Ontario settlement location near a waterway. The Saulteaux are part of a larger tribe (Ojibwa or Chippewa) residing in the Northern United States. Their native tongue is Ojibwa. Cree speaking tribe.
The Europeans near Sault Ste. Marie first encountered the Saulteaux, on an outlet of Lake Superior. The Saulteaux and the settlers came together to trap and trade. As the soil conditions and short growing seasons in the Northern Great Lakes region was not conducive to farming, the Saulteaux elected for a hunting and trading lifestyle with European settlers in the area. A portion of the band traveled west to Saskatchewan attracted by the expansion of the fur trade. They remained on the edges of the parkland and venturing onto the prairies only to hunt buffalo.
The Saulteaux band signed Treaty #6 on August 18, 1854.