Fredericton, New Brunswick on TransCanadaHighway.com



Fredericton's lighthouse onthe St John River Fredericton is the capital city of New Brunswick, with a population of 81,000, and lies on the St. John River, and the Trans-Canada Highway, only 100 km from the US border. The city is a a two hour flight from Toronto, and 75 minutes from Montreal.

The major industries in Fredericton reflects the community's role as the seat of government, though not the province's largest city. The top industries include government services, education, health & social services, retail trade, and accommodation & hospitality.

Whether it's a visit to a park, an art gallery or the area's history, Fredericton offers its visitors and residents lots to do every day of the week.

Whether it's a visit to a park, an art gallery or the area's history, Fredericton offers its visitors and residents lots to do every day of the week.

Fredericton History

Carleton Park, across the Trail Bridge from downtown The St. John River, with its wide, deep waters, was a key transportation route for Maliseet and Mi'kmaq (Micmac) Indians who hunted, fished, grew corn and squash along its length. The British made various Maritime peace and friendship treaties (between 1725 and 1776) with the Mi'kmaq and Maliseet people which allowed them to hunt and fish, trade with the British, and did not involve the cession of any land. Today, the First Nations reserves for the Maliseet are along the Saint John River, and the reserves for the Mi'kmaq are along the Gulf of St Lawrence coastline.

As the French and English fought over control of the New World, the French eventually gained control of Nova Scotia, which then included the St. John River Valley. Between 1672 and 1700 the French King assigned land grants in what is now the Fredericton area but were abandoned until 1732 when a group of French Acadians, fleeing the British forces who had taken possession of Nova Scotia following the Treaty of Utrecht,and creating the community of Ste. Anne's Point, which was the Capital of Acadia from 1692 to 1698.

In 1758, when British Forces captured Louisburg, the British swept through the St. John River Valley, burning homes and expelling Acadians (to French Louisiana, and the area was gradually resettled by English families over the next few years. Following the American Revolution, in 1783 British Loyalist fled the United States and 34,000 settled in Nova Scotia and 14,000 in New Brunswick, with 2,000 Loyalists around Ste. Anne's Point. In 1785, renamed the settlement "Frederickstown", in honour of Prince Frederick, second son of King George III, and shortly thereafter Governor Carleton choose Fredericton as provincial capital. The city's high school (the oldest in Canada) and the University (tied with University of Georgia as the oldest in North America) were founded that year.

Fredericton's charm and histroy is represented by its City Hall Fredericton has enjoyed an annual fall fair since 1825. In 1845, Queen Victoria, the head of the Church of England, designated Fredericton a Cathedral City and built the first entirely new Cathedral foundation to be established on British soil since the Norman Conquest of 1066. In 1847, a permanent Maliseet Indian settlement was established on the north side of the St. John River, and in 1848, Fredericton was incorporated as a city.

Following the Quebec Conference and the Charlottetown Conference, New Brunswick was one of the four founding provinces of Canadian Confederation in 1867. After 1850, Fredericton flourished as an industrial town. Sawmills, shipyards, tanneries, boot and shoe factories, carriage shops, iron foundries, brickyards, and factories turned out a variety of products. Railroad connections were established between Fredericton and several other cities.

In 1969, New Brunswick became the first officially bilingual province, and became the only one enshrined as such in the 1982 repatriated Canadian constitution. In 1973, the 125th anniversary of the city's incorporation, Fredericton amalgamated a number of surrounding communities, doubling its area and population.

Highway Notes

The provincial government recently re-aligned Highway 2 shaving an hour off the travel time between Moncton and Fredericton, and completing the twinning of the Trans-Canada in New Brunswick.

Cyclists should stay off the #2 and take the older routes along the banks of the Saint John River, the #105 or the #102, which have wind through charming countryside, have few hills, and pass by a number of beautiful and historic overed bridges. The #102 norht of Fredericont Takes you past Kings Landing heritage park and the Mactaquac dam, and you cross the Saint John River in Fredericton and continue along on the #105 past Grand Lake and then switch to the #112 which continues east to Moncton.

Fredericton Neighbourhoods Map

Fredericton Attractions Map

Blue = Main Trans-Canada route, red = downtown access route, | Green = bicycle-friendly route

Fredericton Accommodation & Attractions

Here are a featured SAMPLING of hotels, motels, long-term accommodation, vacation rentals, lodges and campgrounds. For a complete (and searchable listing) use the red SEARCH feature at right.

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Accommodations Directory Listings

Here are some of the hotels, motels, campgrounds, and lodges/cottages to be found along the Trans Canada Highway:

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Fredericton AccommodationsEvelyn's Bed & Breakfast

Visit a working dairy farm on the Kennebecasis River. Queen beds and a full breakfast.

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Fredericton AccommodationsSunset View Campground & Cottages

Stay our our wonderful campground, and enjoy the great outdoors… see our website for details

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Fredericton AccommodationsCamping Parasol

Stay our our wonderful campground, and enjoy the great outdoors… see our website for details

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Fredericton AccommodationsOak Bay Campground

Stay our our wonderful campground, and enjoy the great outdoors… see our website for details

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Fredericton AccommodationsRodd Fredericton Inn

First class property which regularly hosts major events, fitness facility with pool & whirlpool, 3 restaurants, with complimentary outdoor parking and local calls.

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More Nights... More places to stay in Fredericton

TransCanadaHighway.com has lots of hotels,mnotels, beds & breakfast, long-term accommoodtion, and comprgrounds to choose form in and around Fredericton.

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Attractions Directory Listings

Here are some of the attractions, museums, historical sites, and sports activities to be found along the Trans Canada Highway:

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Fredericton Travel & AttractionsHertz Rent A Car

Great cars. Great rates. Great Srvice. Hertz is the preferred car rental company of CAA. Free customer pickup & return, Unlimited km rates. One-way rentals. daily, weekly, weekend rates.

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Fredericton Travel & AttractionsFredericton International Airport

Fredericton International Airport provides safe, environmentally sound, efficient, and friendly customer-focused services that meet the social, business, government, and military air travel needs of the capital region and the province of NB.

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Fredericton Travel & AttractionsGage Golf and Curling Association

Private. Memberships: men, ladies, juniors, public green fees. Walking the course is easy, or choose a power cart from our large fleet. Water comes into play on 5 holes, sand traps and doglegs add a challenge on many holes. Course features

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Fredericton Travel & AttractionsEnterprise Rent-A-Car - Edmundston

Unlike other rental car companies, Enterprise focuses on neighborhood markets. We specialize in renting to people who need a temporary replacement car or a vehicle for a special occasion.

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Fredericton Travel & AttractionsBouctouche Golf Bouctouche Inc.

This Graham Cooke designed course is easy to walk yet challenging for all golfers. Considered one of the best kept secrets in Southeast New Brunswick.

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More Attractions... Things to see & do in Fredericton

TransCanadaHighway.com has lots of attractions, festivals, tours, and things to see & do in and around Fredericton.

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