Scarborough is the part of Toronto, formerly its own city, that lies east of Victoria Park Ave, and west of Pickering and south of Markham and the York Region.
The name “Scarborough” is named for the community in North Yorkshire, England, because the wife of John Graves Simcoe, Upper Canada’s first lieutenant governor, thought the bluffs looked like the limestone cliffs back home.
Both Toronto and Scarborough received large groups of immigrants from Germany, Italy, Poland, Russia and China, as well as Jews from all over Eastern Europe. Following the Second World War, refugees from war-torn Europe, poor areas of Italy and Portugal, and Chinese fleeing the unrest there came to Toronto.
The Scarborough Town Centre was developed as the major commercial and entertainment hub east of Toronto’s Yonge Street and is located beside the Scarborough Civic Centre, Albert Campbell Square, and Consilium Place. Originally the city centre for the old City of Scarborough government, it now includes the Scarborough Walk of Fame honouring notable residents, past and current.
The gem of Scarborough is the Toronto Zoo, moved in 1974 from its original Riverdale location to the Rouge River valley, expanding its overall area from a cramped 3 hectares to a modern 300 hectares modern zoo where animals have space and settings duplicating their natural environments.
The natural treasures of the community are the Rouge River parklands, and the Scarborough Bluffs, sandstone cliffs that overlook Lake Ontario. The sand eroded from the Bluffs over the years has drifted west and collected to create the Toronto Islands.